نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای کارآفرینی، گرایش فناوری، گروه کارآفرینی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

3 گروه آموزشی مدیریت بازرگانی و کسب و کار، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش شناسایی و طبقه بندی انواع و حالات سرمایه گذاری سازمانی براساس تحلیل کیفی نتایج پژوهش های است که در زمینه مشارکت و تعامل شرکت های بزرگ با استارآپ ها انجام شده است. جهت گیری این پژوهش کاربردی-توسعه ای، به لحاظ استراتژی آمیخته از نوع اکتشافی متوالی، به لحاظ ماهیت اکتشافی و توصیفی است که در دو مرحله انجام شده است. ابتدا به کمک روش فراترکیب، 352 مقاله بررسی و پس از ارزیابی، 42 مقاله تایید شدند. سپس با استفاده از COREQ 32-item در نهایت 34 مقاله برای اجرای تحلیل کیفی محتوای مقالات حداقل امتیاز لازم را کسب کردند. با بررسی مقالات، 89 روش تعامل استخراج گردید و پس از بررسی محتوی و طبقه بندی براساس ابعاد سرمایه گذاری سازمانی، تعریف مکانیزم و تعامل در نهایت 11 مکانیزم تعامل شناسایی شد. سپس اعتبار سنجی نتایج تحقیق، با مراجعه به 15 نفر از خبرگان این حوزه در دو مرحله دلفی فازی در نهایت 11 مکانیزم تایید شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که روش هایی مانند مرکز رشد سازمانی، شتابدهنده های سازمانی، برنامه های استارتآپی و... در چند سال اخیر به عنوان روش های مدرن تعامل شرکت های بزرگ با استارتآپ ها مورد توجه بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identify and classify the mechanisms of collaboration of corporations with technological startups through the Meta-syntheses of corporate venturing activities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Mohammadi 1
  • Hesam Zandhesami 2
  • Hamid reza Yazdani 3

1 PhD in Entrepreneurship, Technology, Entrepreneurship Department, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Department of management, Science and Research Branch. Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Pardis farabi of Tehran university professor, Qome, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to identify and classify the types and scenarios of corporate venturing based on qualitative analysis of research results in the field of partnership and collaboration of corporations with technological startups. The orientation of this applied-developmental research and strategy type is mixed of exploratory sequential design, in terms of nature and method exploratory and descriptive, which has been done in two stages. First, 352 articles were reviewed using the meta-syntheses method and after evaluation, 42 articles were approved. Then, using COREQ 32-item, finally 34 articles received the minimum required score to perform qualitative analysis of the content of the articles. By reviewing the articles, 89 interaction methods were extracted and after examining the content and classification based on the dimensions of corporate venturing, defining the mechanism and collaboration, finally 11 collaborative mechanisms were identified. in order to confirm and validate the research results, by referring to 15 experts and receiving their opinions in two stages of fuzzy Delphi, 11 mechanisms were finally approved. The results showed that methods such as corporate incubator, corporate accelerators, startup programs and corporate hackaton and spin-along in recent years have been remarkable as modern collaboration methods of corporate with startups

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "corporation"
  • "Start-up"
  • "corporate venturing typology"
  • "corporate venturing"

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