نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت تکنولوژی ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رودهن

2 عضو هیئت علمی ( گروه مدیریت تکنولوژی ،عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات)

3 عضو هیئت علمی (گروه مدیریت تکنولوژی ،عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات)،

چکیده

تولید محصول جدید و نوآوری در محصولات یکی از ارکان مهم و تاثیر گذار در جهت افزایش ارزش یک بنگاه اقتصادی می باشد با بررسی مطالعات پیشین عوامل مختلفی، موثر در تولید محصول جدید می باشند همانند توجه به نیاز مصرف کننده، ویژگی رقبا، توانمندی بخش تحقیق و توسعه ، توانمندی تامین کنندگان و توانمندی بخش تولید و ... از عواملی هستند که در تولید محصول جدید باید به آن ها توجه نمود ، این عوامل در هر صنعت و هر کشوری بنا بر ویژگی های اون صنعت و بازار از درجه اهمیت متفاوتی برخوردار می باشد.
در این پژوهش برای دستیابی به عوامل تاثیرگذار در توسعه محصول جدید در صنعت فولاد ایران و رتبه بندی این عوامل کارخانه ذوب آهن اصفهان به عنوان قدیمی ترین تولید کننده فولاد در ایران مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است،برای انجام این تحقیق ابتدا با استفاده از روش سیستماتیک ( سایت های علمی معتبر با درجه علمی بالا) مقالاتی را که از سال 2000 تا به امروز در این زمینه منتشر شده بود را بررسی و از میان آنها 60 عامل تاثیرگذار در این زمینه استخراج شده است سپس با استفاده از پرسشنامه از 15 خبره صنعت فولاد میزان وزن هر عامل بدست آمد و در نهایت با پرسش نامه بسته از کارشناسان ذوب آهن اصفهان به بررسی میزان اهمیت هر عامل در صنعت فولاد ایران پرداخته شد و نتایج بدست آمده رتبه بندی شد.
در نتیجه گیری کلی به این موضوع رسیده شده است که تولید محصول جدید دارای عوامل مختلفی می باشد که بحث نیروی انسانی و توانمندی نیروی انسانی متخصص و آموزش دیده یکی از عوامل مهم و تاثیرگذار در تولید محصول جدید می باشد با توجه به شرایط کشور و کاهش میزان امید و توجه بیشتر نیروی انسانی به درآمدهای بازار سفته بازار و توجه کمتر به بحث خلاقیت و تربیت انسان های خلاق، توجه بیشتر به این موضوع و افزایش امید در جامعه کمک بسزایی در تولید محصول جدید می نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

identified and ranking of effected factor on new product development of steel industry by TOPSIS ( case study Esfahan Steel Co)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ehsan Dashtianeh 1
  • Reza Radfar 2
  • Abas Toloui Eshlaghi 3

1 Department of technology management, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

2 Department of technology management, science and research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of technology management, science and research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Goal: Increasing orders and selling products are some of the most important key factors in designing the strategy of all industries. For improving this factor, researchers suggested too many ways; new product development is one of them. Any firm if succeed in designing and introducing a new product, they will have a greater share of the market, best examples of this new product and innovation firm are in IT market, all firm compete for innovation and develop their product. All around the world, some roles are in common, but some of them change according to the market, social, and politic environment. For a successful new product, designing any industrial should know the market environment of their goal society, the priority of their market, and choosing the best strategy according to their data analyzed.
Methodology: In this paper, firstly identifying key factors in successful NPD at Esfahan steel co, then asking from expertise by using questionnaires, analyzes data collected by TOPSIS methods and at least ranked the main parameter that identified affecting on successful NPD.
Results: shows that Esfahan steel co attention on two different factors is in center of focus; product differentiation and competitor orientation, but another factor that destroyed their efficiency on selling marketing is obeying government resolution; this behavior caused decreasing efficiency on selling market and losing market. If the government wants to be successful in developing their industries, they should let industries find their way and make a decision from their skills and experiences. Suggested For improving their selling share of the market, they focused on product differentiation.
Limitation: In this study, access to the important data related to the new product of the company is so hard, because most of the research and development center of the company did not let us access to the data.
Practical implications: Market strategy is one of the important key success in all firm, Esfahan Steel co should choose best market strategy for succeed in their industries, this study aim to the firm that choose better market strategy and improve current strategy.
Originality / Value: according to results that show in this study, the literature of study confirmed but revealed the difference of the Iran steel market to another market.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "New Product"
  • "zob Ahan"
  • "identify priority"
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