We are living in the world that uncertainty, ambiguity in the fields of technology changes, market, competitors’ strategies, and expectations of customers and the other stakeholders, have caused the companies to concern severely about their competitive advantages and even their survivals.
In the direction of these changes, innovation, innovativeness and innovative organizations have become the main priorities of the organizations’ leaders. But the development of these capabilities requires specific structural, process, and managerial mechanisms which are paid less attention in Iran.
In response to this urgent need, innovation and innovativeness of the organizations are studied first in this article. Then the key concepts, characteristics, and dimensions of the innovative organizations are explained along with the way of their organizing and leadership. Finally, their future challenges and prospects are described.