Document Type : Research Paper


The role of the state in industrial development of Iran by using the institutional approach is studied in this writing. Instead of traditional emphasis on linear model and the interference or uninterference of the state in economy, this article emphasizes on the state entity, the type of its interference and efficiency in the framework of the developist state concept. With a distinct, historical and institutional entity, the developist state plays the midwifery, fostering and developing role different from the uvdevelopist states which provides the industrial change and development backgrounds; the task still ignored in Iran especially in the area of industry. According to institutional approach the developist state with the characteristic of embedded autonomy as a structure and infrastructure of development is distinguished from the other states. During the history, the bureaucratic independence and dependence on society have always been in an aura of ambiguity in Iran, and the state with such a characteristic having the role of industry demiurge and custodian is among the undevelopist states.