Document Type : Research Paper


Nowadays, the world ever-increasing competition has prevented many industries from the basic and fundamental research opportunity; for this reason, most of the companies have to undertake only the critical and required researches. World communications, generalization of many sciences and knowledge, and the more possibility and comfort in purchasing from their owners, remove the necessity of doing over the researches and generating new knowledge. Money is allocated for knowledge production while the development and innovation process make money and wealth resulting in the development of technology and economy. In this article, along with the introduction of development and innovation, we proceed to state their importance in the development of technology and economy. Thus, the difference among research, development and innovation and their centers along with the features of their required human resources are studied; the subject is followed by some important points which are effective in management of these units