Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 معاونت علمی و فناوری ریاست جمهوری

2 Associate Professor, Department of Technology Management and Entrepreneurship, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Technology Management, Malek Ashtar University, Tehran, Iran

4 ■ Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Management, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/jtd.2021.247833

Abstract

Innovation in technological networks is influenced by actors of different natures, and the heterogeneity of network members can affect the achievements of the network. Also, based on the ambidexterity approach, organizations must consider two categories of exploration and exploitation activities to succeed and develop performance. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to investigate the role of heterogeneity in the development of the performance of innovation networks in the biotechnology industry with an organizational ambidexterity approach. In this research, first, by examining the theoretical foundations and through interviews with a number of experts in the field of biopharmaceutical networks, the dimensions of heterogeneity of innovation networks were identified. A quantitative approach was taken in the distribution of questionnaires among senior managers of biopharmaceutical companies active in innovation networks and the findings were analyzed by structural equation modeling using Smart-Pls software. The results show that heterogeneity has a positive and significant effect on firm performance in innovation networks. The findings also show that the effect of network heterogeneity on the future performance of companies is greater than the current performance. Keywords: Innovation Network, Network Heterogeneity, Actor Heterogeneity, Network Performance, Organizational ambidexterity

Keywords

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