نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت تکنولوژی تحقیق و توسعه، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری دانشکدگان فارابی، دانشگاه تهران قم، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشکدگان فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران

3 استاد دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران

10.22034/jtd.2022.1972025.1808

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر باهدف سنتز ادبیات گسترده در مورد گذار فناورانه به نسل چهارم انقلاب صنعتی صورت گرفته تا چارچوب جامع و یکپارچه‌ای از صنعت 4.0 را در قالب پارادایم صنعت خودرو ارائه نماید. این پژوهش ازنظر هدف کاربردی است و با روش کیفی فراترکیب یا سنتز پژوهی انجام‌شده است. جامعه آماری، کلیه مطالعات انجام‌شده در بازه زمانی 2017 تا مارس 2022 می‌باشد، در این راستا 354 پژوهش در زمینه موضوع موردنظر ارزیابی و درنهایت 35 مقاله به‌صورت هدفمند انتخاب گردید و با تحلیل محتوا و ترکیب ادبیات مربوطه با روش کدگذاری باز، محوری و انتخابی، درمجموع 107 کد 24 مفهوم، 7 مقوله کلیدی طی فرآیند جستجو و ترکیب نظام‌مند انتخاب و مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت و اعتبار آن از طریق آزمون کاپای کافمن تأیید گردید. نتایج تحلیل نشان داد مهم‌ترین مقوله‌های کلیدی شناسایی‌شده شامل؛ منابع، عوامل سازمانی، سیاست های دولت، عوامل فرهنگی، بازار، عوامل قانونی- حمایتی و محیط نهادی است که در سه رده عوامل اصلی، زمینه‌ای و محیطی دسته‌بندی شدند و درنهایت پس از طی مراحل هفت‌گانه پژوهش الگوی گذار فناورانه به نسل چهارم انقلاب صنعتی تدوین گردید. این پژوهش درک عمیق از ادبیات موجود در مورد صنعت4.0 را با سازماندهی عوامل مؤثر بر آن ارائه می‌دهد و می‌تواند در سیاست‌گذاری صنعت خودرو جهت گذر از فناوری های قدیمی به سمت فناوری های هوشمند مورداستفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing a model of technological transition to the fourth generation of the industrial revolution in the automobile industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rouhalle Arjmandi 1
  • Mohammad Reza Fathi 2
  • Manouchehr Manteghi 3
  • Meisam Shahbazi 4

1 Technology management, research and development department, Farabi School of Management and Accounting, Tehran University, Qom, Iran

2 Associate Professor, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Malik Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Industrial and Financial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran

چکیده [English]

The current research was conducted with the aim of synthesizing the extensive literature on the technological transition to the fourth generation of the industrial revolution in order to provide a comprehensive and integrated framework of Industry 4.0 in the form of the automobile industry paradigm. This research is practical in terms of purpose and it was done with the qualitative method of synthesis or research synthesis. The statistical population is all the studies conducted in the period from 2017 to March 2022. In this regard, 354 researches were evaluated on the subject and finally 35 articles were selected purposefully and by analyzing the content and combining the relevant literature with the open, central and selective coding method, A total of 107 codes of 24 concepts, 7 key categories were selected and analyzed during the systematic search and combination process, and its validity was verified through Kaufman's Kappa test. The results of the analysis showed that the most important key categories identified include; resources, organizational factors, government policies, cultural factors, market, legal-protective factors and the institutional environment, which were categorized into three categories of main, contextual and environmental factors, and finally, after going through the seven stages of research, the model of technological transition to the fourth generation of the industrial revolution It was edited. This research provides a deep understanding of the existing literature on Industry 4.0 by organizing the factors affecting it and can be used in the automotive industry policy to move from old technologies to smart technologies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • technological transition؛
  • fourth generation industrial revolution؛
  • automobile industry؛ ؛؛
  • hybrid method
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