نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی

نویسندگان

1 پژوهشگر حوزه مدیریت فناوری و نوآوری-دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 معاون سیاستگذاری و ارزیابی راهبردی- معاونت علمی و فناوری ریاست جمهوری- عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر

چکیده

در ادبیات علمی مدیریت فناوری، توافق قابل ملاحظه ای بر اهمیت و ضرورت پایش و پیش بینی دقیق و سریع نیازهای آینده و روند پیشرفت های فناورانه وجود دارد. دلایل این امر شامل تغییر و تحولات سریع فناوری، جهانی شدن بازار و رقابت، افزایش نوآوری های فناورانه و کاهش چرخه عمر فناوری ها می باشد. لذا، هوشمندی فناوری در سطوح مختلف سازمان ها به منظور کمک به شناسایی تهدیدها و فرصت های فناورانه و بهبود تصمیم گیری های فناورانه در اینچنین محیط متغیری، پیشنهاد می شود. موضوع هوشمندی فناوری طی سال های گذشته مورد توجه پژوهشگران زیادی قرار گرفته و از جنبه های مختلف مورد بررسی واقع شده است. آشنایی با یافته ها و دستاوردهای این پژوهشگران می تواند سهم بسزایی در درک و فهم بیشتر و بهتر موضوع هوشمندی فناوری داشته باشد، که از آثار آن می توان به بهبود فرآیندهای برنامه ریزی و تصمیم گیری در حوزه فناوری و ارتقای سطح یادگیری فناورانه سازمان اشاره نمود. لذا هدف از نگارش این مقاله بررسی مبانی نظری و پیشینه پژوهشی موضوع هوشمندی فناوری است که شامل تعاریف، ساختار، فرآیند، بازیگران، روش ها و ابزارهای هوشمندی فناوری می باشد. در پایان مقاله نیز برخی پیشنهادهای مدیریتی و تحقیقاتی ارائه گردیده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Review on Technology Intelligence Concept (Definitions, Structure, Process, Players, Methods and Tools)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Safdari Ranjbar 1
  • Mahdi Elyasi 2

چکیده [English]

The scientific literature of Technology Management presents a considerable level of consensus on the necessity, as well as the significance, of precisely monitoring and predicting future needs on the one hand and technological breakthroughs on the other. This stems from fast-moving technology developments, globalization of competitions and markets, accelerated technological innovations, and shrinkage of technology life cycle; which is why technology intelligence is suggested at all organizational levels in order to spot technology opportunities and threats and optimize technology-related decision making in such a versatile environment. In the last few years technology intelligence has been approached by many a researcher from various perspectives. Therefore, familiarization with their findings would make significant contributions to an inclusive understanding of technology intelligence in the areas like improvement of planning and decision-making, and enhancement of the organization's technological learning level. In view of the above, the current paper aims to review the theoretical foundations and research literature on technology intelligence including definitions, structure, process, players, methods, and technological intelligent tools. In the end of the paper, some managerial and theoretical suggestions are proposed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology Intelligence
  • structure
  • process
  • Players
  • Methods and tools

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